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Aerosol fireball left waste worker on life support

A waste treatment company has been fined £100,000 after its lack of procedures for hazardous waste disposal meant workers were processing pressurised aerosol spray cans in a shredder meant for plastics.

Aerosol canister explosion left waste worker on life support
Aerosol canister explosion left waste worker on life support

A waste operative for B&W Waste Management Services sustained third-degree burns when he was engulfed in a fireball created when a spark from a forklift truck ignited a cloud of gas from the canisters. 

He was put in a medically-induced coma for ten days on a life-support machine, has undergone several operations, and relies on medication for nerve pain. The forklift driver was also burned. 

The two operatives were working inside the company’s warehouse at Twinwoods Business Park in Milton Ernest, Bedford when the explosion happened on 12 July 2016. They had used the gas-operated forklift to tip plastic and metal drums filled with extremely flammable waste aerosol cans directly into the hopper-fed plastic shredder. 

Andrew McGill, a Health and Safety Executive (HSE) inspector, said the canisters should not have been put into the shredder. “[The shredder] had no nitrogen blanket or suppression system and was not designed to process anything potentially flammable,” he said. 

B&W acquired the plastic shredder in 2013. Prior to this, the workers used a sharp instrument to “pop” the aerosol spray cans and drain any liquid left inside before they were crushed and sold on as scrap metal. However, about ten months before the accident happened they started tipping the cans directly into the shredder to speed up the process because the crusher was often full. 

McGill said: “The CCTV [closed-circuit television] footage shows a spark coming from the engine of the forklift and an explosion engulfing the two [workers] in a fireball. They both easily could have been killed. The gas canister on the back of the forklift potentially could have gone up and they were close to other highly flammable and hazardous materials.”   

He added: “The fire caused some of the remaining aerosols to fly around the warehouse, which led to another fire in a waste skip.” 
The HSE’s investigation found the company had not carried out DSEAR or COSHH risk assessments for this procedure and failed to suitably risk-assess the shredding operation. 

“Companies processing flammable and hazardous waste need policies and procedures in place to ensure that staff know how to process material safely with the right equipment.”

In addition, there was no suitable training, supervision or monitoring. “The transfer station manager said he hadn’t heard of DSEAR and didn’t know what it was,” McGill added.

B&W now sends all waste aerosol spray cans to an external company for processing, “which they could easily have done beforehand”, the HSE inspector noted.   

The company pleaded guilty to breaching reg 6(1) of the Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations. It was fined and ordered to pay £11,603 costs. See the table below for how District Judge Leigh-Smith applied the sentencing guidelines at Luton Magistrates’ Court. 


Sentencing guidelines application:



Seriousness of harm risked:

Level A

Likelihood of harm:


Harm category:


Size of the organisation:


Starting point for fine:

£180,000, reduced to £150,000 as company’s finances were in a “parlous” state, judge said


One-third off for early guilty plea


£100,000 plus £11,603 costs



Keeley Downey was the former assistant editor of IOSH Magazine. Previously she was editor of Biofuels International, Bioenergy Insight and Tank Cleaning Magazine

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